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Personal Injury

Monday, March 19, 2018

Nursing Home Negligence

Nursing Home Negligence 

For those who can no longer care for themselves as they age, it may be necessary to enter a skilled nursing facility. While many seniors receive quality care in these facilities, the elder care system has well documented problems with abuse and neglect. When accidents and failures lead to injuries or a resident is the victim of intentional harm, a nursing home can be held liable.

The most vulnerable members of our society can be harmed in a number of ways. For example, many nursing homes fail to supervise patient's adequately, which often leads to slip and fall accidents that result in significant injuries and even death. Moreover, many facilities are owned by corporations that engage in negligent hiring practices or fair to properly train and supervise employees. In these situations, employees may neglect or abuse patients.

The most egregious cases of negligence occur when a facility fails to maintain adequate health and safety policies or fails to provide patients with adequate medical treatment. However, a patient who suffers an injury as a result of a medical mistake that does not meet the accepted standard of medical care may have grounds for a lawsuit.

In short, this standard is the type of care that a reasonably skilled medical professional would have provided under the same circumstances. Both the nursing home and the individual who was responsible for the resident's care may be held liable.

It is important to note that residents of facilities that accept Medicare are also protected by federal regulations. The environment in these facilities must be free of accident hazards as possible and each resident must receive adequate supervision and assistance devices to prevent accidents. Moreover, the Department of Health and Human Services - the agency that oversees these facilities, has banned the use of arbitration clauses in patient admittance agreements.

This is important because many skilled nursing facilities include mandatory arbitrations clauses in admittance agreements to resolve disputes. As a results, incidents of abuse and neglect often go unreported and patients and their families are often unaware of these problems when they are selecting a facility. Now, residents who are injured have legal recourse to hold negligent nursing homes accountable.

In the end, residents of skilled nursing facilities have a right to receive the care that they deserve. If you or a loved one has been injured in a nursing home, a personal injury attorney can help you obtain significant compensation.

 


Monday, November 13, 2017

Construction Accidents

CONSTRUCTION ACCIDENTS

Because construction work is inherently dangerous, the risk of injury to workers is greater than in other industries and workplaces. However, construction workers have a right to a safe work environment. While construction injuries are usually covered under workers' compensation laws, it may be possible to pursue a lawsuit based on negligence against site owners, contractors, subcontractors, their employees and agents for violations of applicable safety laws.

There are number of causes of construction accidents, including:

  • Falls - from roofs, ladders scaffolding and other heights
  • Falling objects - improperly secured tools, equipment and construction material can fall and strike a worker, causing head, neck, brain and spinal injuries
  • Equipment accidents - workers can be injured by machinery and equipment such as forklifts, cranes, nails guns and dumpsters
  • Fires and explosions - hazards arise from exposed wires, flammable materials, blow torches and leaking pipes which can lead to catastrophic injuries and fatalities
  • Trench/ Building Collapses - workers can be buried, injured and killed in trench collapses or by buildings that are being constructed or demolished
  • Repetitive Motion Injuries - physical labor often requires bending and lifting that can lead to muscle and joint damage
  • Respiratory illnesses - as a result of exposure to dust, asbestos, and other pollutants

Construction accidents can lead to a variety of injuries. For example, many injuries require fingers, toes and limbs to be amputated. In addition, broken bones and fractures are common as are shoulder, knee and ankle injuries. Workers can suffer head or brain injuries from falls or falling objects as well as spinal cord injuries or paralysis. Other common injuries include eye injuries or loss of vision, and hearing loss.

If you are a construction worker who has been injured on the job, you have the right to be treated for your injuries and the right to receive workers' compensation benefits. If the injury was the result of negligence, however, you may be able to pursue a personal injury lawsuit.


Friday, July 7, 2017

What is Wrongful Birth and Wrongful Life ?

What is Wrongful Birth and Wrongful Life ?

Children who are born with significant disabilities or birth defects often experience pain and suffering, and caring for them can be an emotional and financial burden for the parents. Today, medical advances allow medical professionals to conduct genetic tests on parents to determine if they are carrying certain genes as well as prenatal tests to determine if those genes have been passed on to the unborn child.

Wrongful Birth

When a serious condition is identified, the parents have the option to terminate the pregnancy. If a medical processional fails to properly diagnose a child or provide reasonable genetic counseling about the risks of a birth defect to the parents, they may be able to pursue a wrongful birth lawsuit. In order to have grounds for a lawsuit, the parents must show that they would have terminated the pregnancy or would have elected not to conceive had they known of the potential risk.

In a successful wrongful birth claim the parents may be awarded damages that are directly related to the birth defects, such as the cost of caring for the child. Although wrongful birth is a valid claim is some states, it is not recognized by all.

Wrongful Life

A wrongful life suit can also be filed by a child who has suffered with severe birth defects due to a negligent diagnosis.Elements similar to those for wrongful birth need to be proven in a wrongful life claim, but many states do not recognize these claims.  Moreover, courts have been hesitant to award damages in these cases due the complexities associated with determining an appropriate amount of compensation.

Ultimately, wrongful birth and wrongful life claims involve complex legal and ethical issues, and pursuing these claims can be an emotional burden for the parents. If you are struggling to care for a child with special needs, an experienced personal injury attorney can help determine whether you have a valid claim.

 


Wednesday, June 28, 2017

What is Strict Product Liability ?

What is Strict Product Liability ? 

 If an individual is harmed by a purchased device or product, damages may be recovered under strict product liability. The plaintiff, however, must be able to prove several things in order to prevail in suit against a distributor, manufacturer, or retailer. Generally, the product must have been “in an unreasonably dangerous condition” at the time of sale and intended to reach the consumer without any alteration.  Moreover, the injury suffered must be a direct result of the flawed product itself. 

Defects are not all created equal.  A plaintiff may bring a cause of action for either a manufacturing or design defect.  Generally speaking, in cases involving a  “manufacturing defect” only some products in the line of distribution will have been affected. The defect, for example, may have resulted from a malfunction in factory production. A design defect, on the other hand, which is integral to the product's structure, usually affects the entire line of the inventory, making each device dangerously defective.

Product liability can also be proven if a manufacturer does not provide adequate warning regarding a product's use. If the risk posed to the consumer is not patently obvious, the manufacturer is required to provide an understandable notice of warning to the customer. For an injured individual to win such a case, his or her injury must have resulted from the lack of warning or direction that could have prevented the injury sustained. 

If a plaintiff's injury results from that person's misuse of the product or his or her own negligence, that individual cannot prevail under the theory that the design or manufacture of the product was defective.

If an individual has been injured by a defective product, or because there was no evident warning of some dangerous aspect of the product's assemblage or use, a case of product liability may be brought. When considering whether to file a product liability lawsuit, an attorney specializing in the field should be consulted to assess whether the injured party has a viable case.


Monday, April 10, 2017

Insurance Bad Faith

Insurance Bad Faith

If you or a loved one is injured in an accident you may be entitled to compensation which usually means dealing with an insurance company. Although insurers have an advantage because they have teams of attorneys and experts, the law requires insurance companies to treat claimants and policyholders fairly. While there may be legitimate reasons to deny a claim, an insurer that fails to engage in good faith and fair dealing may be held liable for bad faith.

What is bad faith?

Bad faith is a legal term for an insurer denying a claim without a reasonable basis. In first party insurance situations, bad faith arises when an insurance company denies a claim without a valid reason. In third party insurance situations, bad faith occurs when an insurer fails to defend or indemnify the policyholder without a valid reason.

Proving bad faith varies from state to state. In some states, it is necessary to show that the insurer failed to conduct a thorough investigation. Other states have a higher a higher threshold that requires proving the insurance company missed or ignored obvious facts or information in denying a claim. A stricter standard that some states rely on requires demonstrating an insurer intentionally conducted an inadequate investigation.

Generally, it is not necessary to demonstrate that the insurer denied a claim merely to advance its interest at the expense of the claimant. On the other hand, an insurance company that makes a mistake or error in denying a claim cannot be held liable for bad faith. Lastly, an insurer that is shown to follow a pattern or practice of not adhering to state regulations governing claims investigation can be held liable for bad faith.

What can I do if I have been the victim of bad faith?

If you have been the victim of bad faith on the part of an insurance company you have options. By engaging the services of an experienced insurance law attorney, you may be able to recover damages from the insurance company. These damages include the amount the insurance company should have paid out for the initial claim, as well as additional damages arising from the bad faith denial.


Tuesday, January 31, 2017

What is Defamation ?

Defamation has two basic forms: “libel,” the written form, and “slander,” the spoken form.  To establish either type, certain elements must be present. The false statement must be "published" and the false statement must result in injury. In terms of defamation accusations, “published” does not mean publication in a newspaper, magazine, or book— a statement is considered to be "published" when another party sees or hears it. In this context, speaking loudly enough to be heard by a third party may be considered "publication." False statements can also be made not only through spoken or written words, but by presentation of images or symbols.

There are, however, exceptions that make individuals immune to liability. These include absolute and qualified "privilege" and apply in special situations, such as in communications between spouses, in governmental proceedings, or in statements made in self-defense.

Privilege is not the only defense against accusations of defamation. Truth of the assertion is an “absolute defense” to an accusation of defamation.  A statement is not actionable or defamatory if it is honest. Likewise, a statement of opinion cannot be defamatory. 

Furthermore, one cannot recover damages for defamation if there has not been resulting injury or damage to the reputation of the other party.  Examples of damage include loss of employment, harassment, and loss of business contacts or friends.  It should be noted that public officials are less likely to be shielded from defamatory content.  Beyond proving the above-stated elements, a public official may be required to demonstrate the existence of “actual malice.”  "Actual malice" is generally defined as making a statement with knowledge that it was not truthful, or with “reckless disregard” for the honesty of the declaration. 

The discovery process in defamation cases may be lengthy because the jury must analyze all of the circumstantial evidence surrounding the statement in question.  Factors to be considered may consist of the place where the declaration was made, the relationship of the accuser to the accused, and the reasons or motives behind the assertion. Because of the complexities involved in defamation cases, expert advice from a licensed attorney is essential.


Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Negligence Claims Against the Government

Negligence Claims Against the Government

When an individual is wronged or injured by a federal agency or government employee, that person may have an actionable negligence claim against the government. It is necessary to seek legal counsel to determine whether or not the government is immune in this particular case or whether a legitimate claim can be brought under the Federal Tort Claims Act (FTCA).

Pursuant to the FTCA, if the incident arose from an act by a federal employee who was “acting in the scope of” his or her employment, an action may be brought.  Claims against the government, however, are often complex, burdened with various restrictions.  It is always advisable to consult with an attorney in such cases, rather than attempting to bring a lawsuit independently.

The FTCA does not extend liability to every individual associated with the government, and claims are only permitted under certain circumstances.  For example, independent contractors employed by the government are only included under the act in exceptional cases.  Most often only a claim of negligence can be brought, rather than a complaint for deliberate wrongdoing.  Furthermore, the claim must be grounded upon, and cannot conflict with, state law.  

There are several steps to be taken in filing a lawsuit against the government. First and foremost, within two years from the date of the incident, an administrative claim must be filed with the agency that allegedly caused harm.  In order for the claim to be considered and investigated, a form has to be filed which includes all relevant facts and requested damages.  The claim for damages is limited; punitive damages are not typically an option. 

If and when the agency discards the claim, in whole or in part, a suit may be filed within six months of the date on the decision letter.  In most cases, all administrative remedies must be fully exhausted before seeking legal action.  If the agency does not respond, however, the complainant may be permitted to proceed with the lawsuit.  An attorney can best advise whether an action can be filed, whether the government has any plausible defense, and whether it is in the client's best interest to settle the case.  


Friday, November 11, 2016

What is Whiplash ?

What is Whiplash ? 

 

Whiplash occurs when a person suffers a sudden impact that causes the head to snap forwards, backwards, or sideways. The violent force of this jerking motion causes the muscles, tendons, and ligaments to stretch or tear. Such injuries are sometimes classified as sprains or strains of the neck. Whiplash is most commonly the result of a car accident, but can also be the result of participation in contact sports like football, or from being the victim of an act of violence. Any time the neck is hyperextended or hyperflexed, a person is at risk for whiplash.

Symptoms of whiplash include muscle soreness, stiffness, and tenderness. Victims also typically suffer reduced range of motion. Other common maladies associated with whiplash include headaches, dizziness, fatigue, jaw pain, numbness and weakness in the extremities. Some people with whiplash experience ringing in their ears, blurred vision, and memory problems, though these symptoms are less common. Many people ignore whiplash symptoms which may prolong or worsen their consequences. Those who blame the soreness and stiffness of whiplash  on sleeping in an uncomfortable position and dismiss the pain as temporary often fail to seek treatment in a timely fashion. This can lead to more serious problems, including depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbances. It is important to seek medical attention and to treat whiplash symptoms as soon as possible after an accident in order to avoid complications. 

Doctors' opinions vary on the best way to treat whiplash symptoms. Different doctors may recommend icing the affected area, using painkillers or drugs to numb the pain, using a neck brace or collar to immobilize the neck, physical therapy and exercises to stretch the sore muscles, acupuncture, massage, or chiropractic manipulation. Many physicians may recommend a combination of strategies. Only a licensed medical professional is qualified to give advice on how to treat whiplash. 

A skilled attorney can handle the legal aspects of the accident to help ensure that the injured party can concentrate on the important work of physical recovery. The lawyer will obtain police reports, witness statements and other evidence to prepare a lawsuit against the individual responsible for the whiplash injury.  The lawyer will also document medical expenses, seek approval for required tests, and file a claim or a lawsuit on behalf of an injured party. The lawyer’s experience in dealing with insurance companies ensures that victims of whiplash-related injuries are reimbursed for their pain and suffering as well as for their medical expenses. 


Thursday, October 20, 2016

Medical Malpractice

   

Medical Malpractice

There are always certain elements that need to be demonstrated in order to bring a successful malpractice action. For example, the treating doctor must have had a legal obligation to provide this medical care to this particular patient and there must have been a "breach," that is, an intentional or unintentional infraction or violation of the law. A breach usually occurs when the doctor fails to follow the “standards of the profession.” 

Medical malpractice is a tort (civil wrong) that may fall under a “negligence” action.  Negligence by a medical professional typically occurs when he or she neglects to protect a patient “from a foreseeable risk of harm.”  In order for malpractice to be proved, the doctor’s breach must be the actual and immediate, or precipitating, cause of the patient's injury. In addition, there must be damages for a court to remedy.  All of the above elements must be present in order to bring a valid cause of action within the state’s statute of limitations. The patient's attorney has the burden of proving each element of the case. 

Typically, the doctor owes the patient a “duty of reasonable professional care” during the course of treatment. To prove this standard, an expert witness will likely be required to testify before the court.  Furthermore, to facilitate the discovery process, multiple documents may be requested for review, such as medical and billing records. Witnesses, the patient, and experts in the field may also be interrogated. Depositions may also be used to gather and analyze other pertinent facts. 

Monetary compensation for medical costs and pain and suffering are usually provided for in these cases, but punitive damages, designed to discourage similar behavior, are rarely awarded. The patient's attorney may be able to negotiate a settlement with the doctor in an attempt to avoid the risks of a jury trial.  Such a settlement is often in the best interest of the patient since litigating a medical malpractice action can be extremely expensive.  Any settlement negotiations may involve the doctor’s insurance representatives. 

In many cases, medical malpractice attorneys will take cases on a contingency basis, meaning they only get paid if the claim is settled. If a malpractice case is lost, it can still be appealed. Though medical malpractice cases are typically filed in state court, a medical malpractice attorney may advise that a particular suit be filed and litigated elsewhere.


Thursday, September 29, 2016

Common Lawsuits Brought Against Small Businesses

Common Lawsuits Brought Against Small Businesses 

It is impossible to predict every lawsuit that a small business might possibly face. There is nothing to prevent angry vendors, entitled customers, or disgruntled employees from filing a lawsuit, even if there is no legitimate basis for it. The more a business owner delegates responsibilities to employees, the greater the risk that an employee makes a mistake and exposes the business to a lawsuit. Even the most vigilant, hands on business owner is bound to make a mistake that can lead to a complaint filed against the business.

The most common lawsuits brought against businesses are wrongful termination suits brought by employees or candidates who have suffered a negative employment action. This can be anything from being fired to being demoted or even passed over for an advancement opportunity. If the employee or candidate believes that the action was taken for a reason related to race, gender, religion, identity, or another protected classification, that employee might file a lawsuit. For this reason, it is important to document any sort of negative or positive behaviors at work, so that if an employee does complain of discrimination, the courts can see the employee’s work history and the real reason why he or she may have been passed over for a promotion. Disparaging remarks made about any of these protected classes have no business in a work place as they can create a hostile work environment and lead to lawsuits as well.

Many employers choose to save money by denying their employees overtime pay. This can create many extra costs, as employees will sue for the money they are owed, and the legal fees can be significant. It is a good idea to have contracts establishing the boundaries of a relationship between an employer and an employee to minimize confusion.

It also makes sense to put agreements with vendors and customers in writing. The contracts should include a general description of the work to be performed, a list of any items to be delivered, a project schedule with deadlines, the fee, and the circumstances under which additional fees might be charged, warranties included with the work, how long the contract lasts, how it can be terminated, and how disputes will be resolved.

Personal injury lawsuits against businesses are also common, so it is important to make sure that a place of business is kept in safe condition. Floors should always be dry and warnings should be presented to customers of any dangerous conditions. Drivers should be selected carefully as any accident they cause can be made the responsibility of the business that employs them. Employees who are injured at work are usually precluded from suing their employer and are instead referred to worker’s compensation courts which have their own legal fees. Most states require employers to carry insurance in case of a workplace injury.


Thursday, September 8, 2016

Tort Reform: What is it ?


What is tort reform and what are some of the criticisms of it?

Tort reform is the name commonly given to a proposed solution to the rising healthcare costs in America.  Some people believe that medical malpractice lawsuits are the main reason why the United States has such high healthcare costs.  The argument is that because doctors are afraid of being sued, they have to conduct more tests than is reasonable.  Essentially, doctors complain that they are forced to be too thorough.  Also, it is believed that hospital bills are high because malpractice insurance premiums are high.
Read more . . .


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